POWERGRID is the Central Transmission Utility (CTU) in India. As per Section-38 of Electricity Act, 2003 the CTU is to undertake transmission of electricity through inter-State transmission system; to discharge all functions of planning and co-ordination relating to inter-State transmission system with–State Transmission Utilities, Central Government, State Governments, Generating Companies, Regional Power Committee, Authority, licensee, etc. Further, CTU is to ensure development of an efficient, co-ordinated and economical system of inter-State transmission lines for smooth flow of electricity from generating stations to the load centres. They are also involved in providing non-discriminatory open access to its transmission system for use by any licensee or generating company on payment of the transmission charges. CTU is mainly responsible for Grant of Connectivity and Open Access for Inter-state Generating Station and Inter-State Transmission System.